Subframe fixing methods

Ask for and give assistance

Subframe fixing methods

Postby gabrielleheysemoore » Thu Mar 07, 2019 2:04 pm

Hello,
I am framing a very large print and making a subframe. What are the best tried and tested methods for fixing the subframe together and for fixing it to the moulding?
I was thinking lap joints or biscuit joints for the frame itself. Any advice would be great.
Thanks
gabrielleheysemoore
 
Posts: 4
Joined: Mon Aug 13, 2018 1:18 pm
Location: PENGE, LONDON
Organisation: GABRIELLE HEYSE-MOORE
Interests: PICTURE FRAMING, INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE, FURNITURE

Mainline Strathdon

Re: Subframe fixing methods

Postby Not your average framer » Thu Mar 07, 2019 3:00 pm

I don't think that you can say that the fixing method will always be the same in every situation, as there will times when you will need to vary the method used. If the frame includes glazing, it would make sense that the method of fixing allows for easy and damage free removal of the subframe. Therefore I would suggest the use of screws is preferable to nails, or staples.

Generally, I make up subframes fron either whatever is in stock that will do the job, or wood batterns from my local hardware shop. These are cut on the Morso and joined on the underpinner and if necessary cross pinned at each corner join using an 18 gauge air powered nail gun. The nail gun is quick, easy and fires nails up to 50mm long if required.

It is worth mentioning that nail gun pins can be diverted by the grain in the wood, so it's not always a good idea to use pins that are too long, or too near the the outside edge of the wood.
Mark Lacey

“Life is short. Art long. Opportunity is fleeting. Experience treacherous. Judgement difficult.”
― Geoffrey Chaucer
Not your average framer
 
Posts: 7842
Joined: Sat Mar 25, 2006 8:40 pm
Location: Glorious Devon
Location: Devon, U.K.
Organisation: The Dartmoor Gallery
Interests: Lost causes, saving and restoring old things, learning something every day

Re: Subframe fixing methods

Postby gabrielleheysemoore » Fri Mar 08, 2019 8:46 am

Thanks,
This is really useful advice and I agree about the easy removal of the subframe.
Gabrielle
gabrielleheysemoore
 
Posts: 4
Joined: Mon Aug 13, 2018 1:18 pm
Location: PENGE, LONDON
Organisation: GABRIELLE HEYSE-MOORE
Interests: PICTURE FRAMING, INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE, FURNITURE

Re: Subframe fixing methods

Postby Justintime » Fri Mar 08, 2019 11:43 am

I'm new school. I buy subframe from Rose and Hollis (A345)or Wessex (PW219). Cut and underpin and screw into the inside of the frame.
Justintime
 
Posts: 268
Joined: Sat Sep 26, 2015 8:48 am
Location: North Pembs
Organisation: George the Framer
Interests: Art photography gardening framing

Re: Subframe fixing methods

Postby David McCormack » Fri Mar 08, 2019 12:22 pm

I must go to the same school as Justintime :lol:

Here are some photos of the Wessex subframe in use (PW219) the frame is about 90x110cm

I just cut and join as any other moulding... plenty of glue and V nails.
The pre cut groove in the subframe allows for easy attachment to your frame with screws.

This style of subframe can solve three problems in one go:
1.Holds the package in securely
2.Adds strength to your corners
3.Provides an elegant solution to hang the frame on the wall (French cleat system)

PW219.jpg
PW219.jpg (22.24 KiB) Viewed 123 times

IMG_0891.jpg
IMG_0891.jpg (281.13 KiB) Viewed 123 times

IMG_0893.jpg
IMG_0893.jpg (296.79 KiB) Viewed 123 times
"You know, there's a right and wrong way to do everything!"
Oliver Hardy.
www.davidaustinmccormack.co.uk
User avatar
David McCormack
 
Posts: 1394
Joined: Tue Aug 02, 2011 10:14 am
Location: Cumbria
Location: South Lakes
Organisation: Framing
Interests: Cycling, walking, darkroom photography and laughing a lot!

Re: Subframe fixing methods

Postby prospero » Fri Mar 08, 2019 3:00 pm

If you need a seriously strong subframe I have a sneaky method.....

Get some thin, wide pine. I use pine cladding which is 8mm thick and about 90mm wide. Saw or plane off the tongue and groove.
By laminating two boards it allows you to form a half-lap joint which is far stronger than a mitre joint. Simply square-cut 4 pieces
the full length of each side and lay them down on the bench and put a screw in each corner. Measure diagonally to make sure it's
square and then remove each screw in turn and apply glue. Put the screw back and add a few more as appropriate.
Then it's just a question of adding another layer (plenty of glue) to make the whole thing level.


You can also add cross bars using similar lap joints.

Image

Image

Image


* A pocket hole jig is handy to set the screws into the outer frame. :wink: Wish I had one. :|
Watch Out. There's A Humphrey About
User avatar
prospero
 
Posts: 10213
Joined: Tue Jun 05, 2007 4:16 pm
Location: Lincolnshire

Re: Subframe fixing methods

Postby Not your average framer » Fri Mar 08, 2019 3:41 pm

Unfortunately, there are customers who insist upon using wholly unsuitable mouldings which often need a sub frame, but the moulding either has inadequate rebate depth, or not enough width of moulding to take a screw of sufficient size to give adequate strength of fixing. That's when you have to invent other solutions.

Sadly too many mouldings have rebates that are far to shallow and this happens much more often that I think is necessary. :head:
Mark Lacey

“Life is short. Art long. Opportunity is fleeting. Experience treacherous. Judgement difficult.”
― Geoffrey Chaucer
Not your average framer
 
Posts: 7842
Joined: Sat Mar 25, 2006 8:40 pm
Location: Glorious Devon
Location: Devon, U.K.
Organisation: The Dartmoor Gallery
Interests: Lost causes, saving and restoring old things, learning something every day


Return to Help!




 
Picture Framer's Trade Directory
Picture Framer's Oracle

 
Members Map Header
Members Map
More info
Resources Header
Contact Forum Admin
Directory
How to include an image in your post
Cove Box Designer
Download Designer
General supplies
Glass
Machinery
Mounts/Mountboard
Artists
Conservators
Prints
Software
Tuition
UK Medals
Framers Forum Live!
Support Header
Crimson
White
Green
Violet
Advertise Header
Forum Banner Ads